New book: Halcyon Days ln Crete VIII: Ottoman Rural Socıetıes And Economıes

HALCYON_VIII

For 20 years now peasants have been almost completely absent from Ottomanist historiography. Since 1996 almost no major monograph has been devoted to Ottoman peasant history. This is in sharp contrast with the importance given to the study of Ottoman rural society and economy by earlier Ottomanist historiography.

In his classic History of the Ottoman Empire, published in 1973, the doyen of Ottoman studies, Halil lnalcık, described the Ottoman Empire as a “peasant empire”. However, for the Ottomanist historiography of the beginning of the twenty-first century, it looks as though the Ottoman Empire was rather an “empire of difference”.

This volume follows an initiative aimed at putting the peasants back on the agenda of Ottoman history. However, we do not seek (how could we?) to reinstate the historiographical status quo ante nor to attack the many achievements of contemporary historiography. Moreover, unlike the earlier approach of some “classic” works on this subject, which focused on the state as a central actor in rural societies, our symposium sought to investigate economic and social relations in the countryside of the Ottoman Empire not only from the viewpoint of the central administration, but also from that of rural societies. In the present volume, our aim is to highlight themes that are still today unexplored or deserve revision, and throw light on the diverse trajectories of rural economies and societies in the long history and vast lands of the Ottoman Empire.

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations – Note on Transliteration
Introduction: Bringing the Peasants Back In?

JOHN CHR. ALEXANDER (symposiarch),
Between Theory and Praxis: the Notion of ‘Mine’ and the Ottoman State

MICRO-HISTORIES OF OTTOMAN RURAL SOCIETIES AND ECONOMIES
SURAIYA FAROQHI
A Study of Rural Conflicts: Gegbuze/Gebze (District of Üsküdar) in the Mid-1700s
RHOADS MURPHEY
Collective Identity, Collective Action, and Village Autonomy: Cornerstones of Rural Life in the Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Empire
DARIUSZ KOLODZIEJCYK
A Ukrainian Village in Podolia under Ottoman Rule: Changes in Social Structure and Peasant Strategies
STEFKA PARVEVA
Agrarian Surplus and Agrarian Strategies in the Village Micro-Economy in the South-West Peloponnese in the Early Eighteenth Century
OKTAY ÖZEL
The Question of Abandoned Villages in Ottoman Anatolia (Seventeenth to Nineteenth Centuries)
PHOKION P. KOTZAGEORGIS
Conversion to Islam in Ottoman Rural Societies in the Balkans: The Cases of Vallahades and Pomaks

MONASTERIES IN RURAL SOCIETIES
ELIAS KOLOVOS
Monasteries in the Rural Society and Economy of the Greek Lands under the Ottomans: A Historiographical Appraisal
NICOLAS VATIN – ELIZABETH A. ZACHARIADOU
Le monastère de Saint-Jean à Patmos et son environnement rural
MICHAEL URSINUS
Monastic Fields on the Island of Patmos

LANDHOLDING AND COMMERCIALISATION IN THE RURAL ECONOMY
NICOLAS MICHEL
Investissements des ‘askar dans les campagnes égyptiennes, v. 1580-v. 1630
ANTONIS ANASTASOPOULOS – ELENI GARA
The Rural Hinterland of Karaferye: Settlements, Divisions and the Çiftlik Phenomenon (Seventeenth-Eighteenth Centuries)
THEOHARIS STAVRIDES
Agricultural Loans and European Merchants in Eighteenth-Century Cyprus: The Credit Network of Ragusan Consul Giovanni Garmogliesi

THE ‘GREAT TRANSFORMATION’ OF OTTOMAN AGRARIAN RELATIONS IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
YÜCEL TERZIBAŞIOĞLU
The Ottoman Agrarian Question and the Making of Property and Crime in the Nineteenth Century
ALP YÜCEL KAYA
On the Çiftlik Regulation in Tırhala in the Mid Nineteenth Century: Economists, Pashas, Governors, Çiftlik-Holders, Subays, and Sharecroppers
MELTEM TOKSÖZ
Modernisation in the Ottoman Empire: The 1858 Land Code and Property Regimes from a Regional Perspective

CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE: ENVIRONMENTAL HISTORY AND THE DIGITAL HUMANITIES
ALAN MIKHAIL
Engineering the Ottoman Empire: Irrigation and the Persistence of Early Modern Expertise
ANTONIS HADJIKYRIACOU – ELIAS KOLOVOS
Rural Economies and Digital Humanities: Prospects and Challenges
SOCRATES D. PETMEZAS
Land Tenure and Land Settlement in Vostizza from Ottoman to Venetian Rule: G.I.S. Mapping of the Venetian Cadastro of 1700

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